Effect and affect; Enquire and inquire

affect verb ( Influence ) – to have an influence on someone or something, or to cause them to change

  • Both buildings were badly affected by the fire.
  • The divorce affected every aspect of her life.
  • It’s a disease which affects mainly older people.
  • I was deeply affected by the film (= It caused strong feelings in me).

effect noun [C or U] the result of a particular influence

  • The radiation leak has had a disastrous effect on/upon the environment.
  • I tried taking tablets for the headache but they didn’t have any effect.
  • I think I’m suffering from the effects of too little sleep.
  • She has a lot of confidence which she uses to good effect (= to her advantage) in interviews.

take effect – to produce or achieve the results you want

  • They had to wait ten minutes for the anaesthetic to take effect before they stitched up the cut.

for effect  – mainly disapproving – If you say or do something for effect, you intentionally do it to shock people or attract their attention

  • I get the impression that she uses bad language in meetings for effect.

in effect – in fact, or in practice

  • So in effect the government have lowered taxes for the rich and raised them for the poor.

to that effect (also to the effect that) – used to express that what you are reporting is only a short and general form of what was really said

  • She said she was unhappy, or words to that effect.
  • He said something to the effect that he would have to change jobs if the situation continued.

Source: Cambridge Dictionary


inquire verbto ask for information

  • Shall I inquire about the price of tickets?
  • [+ question word] She rang up to inquire when her car would be ready.
  • [+ speech] “Where are we going?” he inquired politely.

[With] … enquire and inquire, the forms are interchangeable. Some organisations, such as newspapers, tend to standardise on the in- form, but there are also those who make a distinction between, for example, an official inquiry and an informal enquiry.

Source: Macquarie Dictionary online.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: